a) What Member States and Social Partners can do
Member States retain the right to define the fundamental Principles of their social security systems. They are invited to adapt their rules in order to give effect to the Principle, in addition to transposing and enforcing rules adopted at Union level.
At Union level, social partners are to be consulted in accordance with Article 154 TFEU on possible initiatives based on Article 153 TFEU, and may sign agreements which may be implemented at Union level at their request in accordance with Article 155 TFEU. Social partners may also collect and exchange good practices across the Union. At national level, social partners may support the implementation of this Principle through their involvement in the design and implementation of relevant policies.
b) Recent and ongoing initiatives at EU level
The Commission is presenting together with the European Pillar of Social Rights a first-stage consultation of the social partners on an initiative concerning "Access to Social Protection"(116) in order to address varying access to social protection by workers in standard employment and people employed on non-standard contracts and in various forms of self-employment. The consultation will address occupational rights and ways to make pension rights transferable and transparent when changing employer, contract type or moving to self-employment.
While public pension schemes are the backbone of old age income support supplementary pension schemes can also contribute to a more adequate income protection. In its Action Plan on Capital Markets Union of 30 September 2015, the Commission committed to analyse ways to increase choices for retirement saving and build an EU market for personal pensions. A legislative initiative is under preparation with a view to creating pan-European Personal Pensions alongside domestic personal pension schemes.