1. Disputes that may arise concerning the
application or the interpretation of this Convention shall be settled in
accordance with the relevant provisions of this Convention and in
conformity with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.
2. When a dispute arises between two or more States Parties,
or between one or more States Parties and the Organization, relating to
the interpretation or application of this Convention, the parties
concerned shall consult together with a view to the expeditious
settlement of the dispute by negotiation or by other peaceful means of
the parties' choice, including recourse to appropriate organs of this
Convention and, by mutual consent, referral to the International Court of Justice in conformity with the Statute of the Court. The States Parties involved shall keep the Executive Council informed of actions being taken.
3. The Executive Council may contribute to the
settlement of a dispute by whatever means it deems appropriate,
including offering its good offices, calling upon the States Parties to a
dispute to start the settlement process of their choice and
recommending a time limit for any agreed procedure.
4. The Conference shall consider questions related
to disputes raised by States Parties or brought to its attention by the
Executive Council. The Conference shall, as it finds necessary,
establish or entrust organs with tasks related to the settlement of
these disputes in conformity with Article VIII, paragraph 21 (f).
5. The Conference and the Executive Council are separately empowered, subject to authorization from the General Assembly
of the United Nations, to request the International Court of Justice to
give an advisory opinion on any legal question arising within the scope
of the activities of the Organization. An agreement between the
Organization and the United Nations shall be concluded for this purpose
in accordance with Article VIII, paragraph 34 (a).
6. This Article is without prejudice to Article IX or to the provisions on measures to redress a situation and to ensure compliance, including sanctions.