9. The Conference of the States Parties (hereinafter referred to as "the Conference") shall be composed of all members of this Organization. Each member shall have one representative in the Conference, who may be accompanied by alternates and advisers.
10. The first session of the Conference shall be convened by the depositary not later than 30 days after the entry into force of this Convention.
11. The Conference shall meet in regular sessions which shall be held annually unless it decides otherwise.
12. Special sessions of the Conference shall be convened:
(a) When decided by the Conference;
(b) When requested by the Executive Council;
(c) When requested by any member and supported by one third of the members; or
(d) In accordance with paragraph 22 to undertake reviews of the operation of this Convention.
Except in the case of subparagraph (d), the special session shall be convened not later than 30 days after receipt of the request by the Director General of the Technical Secretariat, unless specified otherwise in the request.
13. The Conference shall also be convened in the form of an Amendment Conference in accordance with Article XV, paragraph 2.
14. Sessions of the Conference shall take place at the seat of the Organization unless the Conference decides otherwise.
15. The Conference shall adopt its rules of procedure. At the beginning of each regular session, it shall elect its Chairman and such other officers as may be required. They shall hold office until a new Chairman and other officers are elected at the next regular session.
16. A majority of the members of the Organization shall constitute a quorum for the Conference.
17. Each member of the Organization shall have one vote in the Conference.
18. The Conference shall take decisions on questions of procedure by a simple majority of the members present and voting. Decisions on matters of substance should be taken as far as possible by consensus. If consensus is not attainable when an issue comes up for decision, the Chairman shall defer any vote for 24 hours and during this period of deferment shall make every effort to facilitate achievement of consensus, and shall report to the Conference before the end of this period. If consensus is not possible at the end of 24 hours, the Conference shall take the decision by a two thirds majority of members present and voting unless specified otherwise in this Convention. When the issue arises as to whether the question is one of substance or not, that question shall be treated as a matter of substance unless otherwise decided by the Conference by the majority required for decisions on matters of substance.
The Conference shall be the principal organ of the Organization. It
shall consider any questions, matters or issues within the scope of this
Convention, including those relating to the powers and functions of the
Executive Council and the Technical Secretariat. It may make
recommendations and take decisions on any questions, matters or issues
related to this Convention raised by a State Party or brought to its
attention by the Executive Council.
20. The Conference shall
oversee the implementation of this Convention, and act in order to
promote its object and purpose. The Conference shall review compliance
with this Convention. It shall also oversee the activities of the
Executive Council and the Technical Secretariat and may issue guidelines
in accordance with this Convention to either of them in the exercise of
21. The Conference shall:
and adopt at its regular sessions the report, programme and budget of
the Organization, submitted by the Executive Council, as well as
consider other reports;
(b) Decide on the scale of financial contributions to be paid by States Parties in accordance with paragraph 7;
(c) Elect the members of the Executive Council;
(d) Appoint the Director General of the Technical Secretariat (hereinafter referred to as "the Director General");
(e) Approve the rules of procedure of the Executive Council submitted by the latter;
Establish such subsidiary organs as it finds necessary for the exercise
of its functions in accordance with this Convention;
(g) Foster international cooperation for peaceful purposes in the field of chemical activities;
Review scientific and technological developments that could affect the
operation of this Convention and, in this context, direct the Director
General to establish a Scientific Advisory Board to enable him, in the
performance of his functions, to render specialized advice in areas of
science and technology relevant to this Convention, to the Conference,
the Executive Council or States Parties. The Scientific Advisory Board
shall be composed of independent experts appointed in accordance with
terms of reference adopted by the Conference;
(i) Consider and
approve at its first session any draft agreements, provisions and
guidelines developed by the Preparatory Commission;
(j) Establish at its first session the voluntary fund for assistance in accordance with Article X;
Take the necessary measures to ensure compliance with this Convention
and to redress and remedy any situation which contravenes the provisions
of this Convention, in accordance with Article XII.
22. The Conference shall not later than one year after the expiry of the fifth and the tenth year after the entry into force of this Convention, and at such other times within that time period as may be decided upon, convene in special sessions to undertake reviews of the operation of this Convention. Such reviews shall take into account any relevant scientific and technological developments. At intervals of five years thereafter, unless otherwise decided upon, further sessions of the Conference shall be convened with the same objective.