1. Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to protect the rights and interests of victims, including their special needs as witnesses, at all stages of investigations and judicial proceedings, in particular by:
a.) providing for their protection, as well as that of their families and witnesses, from intimidation, retaliation and repeat victimisation;
b.) ensuring that victims are informed, at least in cases where the victims and the family might be in danger, when the perpetrator escapes or is released temporarily or definitively;
c.) informing them, under the conditions provided for by internal law, of their rights and the services at their disposal and the follow‐up given to their complaint, the charges, the general progress of the investigation or proceedings, and their role therein, as well as the outcome of their case;
d.) enabling victims, in a manner consistent with the procedural rules of internal law, to be heard, to supply evidence and have their views, needs and concerns presented, directly or through an intermediary, and considered;
e.) providing victims with appropriate support services so that their rights and interests are duly presented and taken into account;
f.) ensuring that measures may be adopted to protect the privacy and the image of the victim;
g.) ensuring that contact between victims and perpetrators within court and law enforcement agency premises is avoided where possible;
h.) providing victims with independent and competent interpreters when victims are parties to proceedings or when they are supplying evidence;
i.) enabling victims to testify, according to the rules provided by their internal law, in the courtroom without being present or at least without the presence of the alleged perpetrator, notably through the use of appropriate communication technologies, where available.
2. A child victim and child witness of violence against women and domestic violence shall be afforded, where appropriate, special protection measures taking into account the best interests of the child.